Interdisciplinary Biomass Burning Initiative (IBBI)

Biomass burning changes the land surface drastically and leads to the release of large amounts of trace gases and aerosol particles that play important roles in atmospheric chemistry and climate. In addition, there is large uncertainty on how climate change and global change will impact the frequency, intensity, duration, and location of biomass burning in the short- and long-term, making their emissions a large source of uncertainty in future atmospheric composition. Therefore biomass burning and its emissions need to be observed and modeled accurately to understande the composition of the atmosphere and how it changes at different temporal and spatial scales. Significant gaps remain in our understanding of the contribution of deforestation and savanna, forest, agricultural waste, and peat fires to emissions. Coordinated international activities organized by IGAC, iLEAPS, and WMO (e.g., interdisciplinary laboratory measurements and field campaigns that integrate ground-based and airborne observations, as well as detailed analysis of satellite data and numerical modeling results) will help better quantify the present and future impact of biomass burning emissions on the composition and chemistry of the Earth’s atmosphere.

The primary goal of IBBI is to improve scientific understanding of the various processes associated with open biomass burning in order to make atmospheric composition prediction and air quality monitoring and forecasting better. The initiative aims to achieve this by instigating new interdisciplinary research on biomass burning in a series of workshops. IBBI is thus science-driven and application-oriented. IBBI activities address five key topics:

  1. Fire products (burned area, fire radiative power, emission factors, etc.);
  2. Fire models and the representation of fires within models at different spatial scales;
  3. Observations of fires, smoke and atmospheric composition;
  4. The influence of fires on air quality; and
  5. The link between fires and climate change.

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Upcoming Events

IBBI Workshop joint with the Numerical Wildfire 2020
IGAC Sponsored
IESC, Cargese, Corsica, France

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Recent Events

2017 Conference on Fire Prediction Across Scales
IGAC Endorsed Event
New York, NY, USA
Event Website, IGACnews Conference Summary
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4th IBBI Workshop
IGAC Sponsored
Boulder, CO, USA
IGACnews Workshop Summary, Event Website
Participant List23.38 KB, Agenda470.83 KB
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Forecasting Emissions from Vegetation Fires and their Impacts on Human Health and Security in South East Asia
IGAC Sponsored
JAKARTA, INDONESIA
IGACnews Workshop Summary
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"IBBI - Asian perspective" at AsiaFlux Workshop 2013
IGAC Endorsed Event
Seoul, Korea
Summary
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3rd IBBI Workshop
IGAC Sponsored
Schloss Ringberg, Germany
IGACnews Workshop Summary, Event Website
Agenda240.49 KB
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2nd IBBI Workshop and Session at EGU
IGAC Endorsed Event
Vienna, Austria
Event Website
1st IGAC/iLEAPS/WMO Workshop on Biomass Burning
IGAC Sponsored
Geneva, Switzerland
IGACnews Workshop Summary, Event Website
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EU MACC/ESF Workshop on Biomass Burning
IGAC Sponsored
Farnham Castle, UK
IGACnews Workshop Summary, Event Website
Full Workshop Summary393.17 KB
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Publications

van Marle, M., Kloster, S., Magi, B., Marlon, J., Daniau, A., Field, R., Arneth, A., Forrest, M., Hantson, S., Kehrwald, N., Knorr, W., Lasslop, G., Li, F., Mangeon, S., Yue, C., Kaiser, J., and van der Werf, G. (2017). Historic global biomass burning emissions based on merging satellite observations with proxies and fire models (1750–2015). Geosci. Model Dev., 10:3329–3357.